FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

October Caddis

 

Each fall I look forward to the emergence of one of our largest caddis species. The October Caddis (Dicosmoecus) is a juicy feast for the trout as they get ready for winter’s hardships. This is also an excellent pattern for steelhead waters such as the Trinity River. 

Pupas and adults have similar coloration on their abdomens. My basic dubbing mixture is one-half rust brown rabbit, one-quarter burnt orange and one-quarter orange. You can adjust the coloration of the dubbing by adding or subtracting rust-brown rabbit. Hackles I use include natural and dyed hen, dyed Brahma hen and gadwall. 

As the season gets colder, the October Caddis has a more difficult time flying and is more likely to wind up in the water. You can add wings to this pattern to imitate this phase. For sinking imitations, I use dark red squirrel tail fibers since the solid fibers sink well. For floating imitations I use deer hair. 

Tying the October Caddis (Soft Hackle) 

Hook: #6-#8 Mustad 36890, Tiemco 200 (Use shank length to adjust 

body length) 

Thread: 6/0 rusty brown Uni-thread or equivalent 

Rib: small gold oval tinsel 

Body: dubbing mixture 

Hackle: #1 Orange brown hen 

#2 Dark brown grizzly hen 

#3 Gadwall flank (brownish cast) 

Antenna: Fibers from turkey tail or peacock wing quill 

1. Start thread behind the eye of the hook and wrap to a point just ahead of the point of the hook. Catch oval tinsel on the way down. 

2. Dub with your prepared mix forming a cigar shaped body ending about a quarter of an inch behind the eye. 

3. Rib and trim excess. If this is to be a winged pattern, tie in a sparse bunch of hair either deer or squirrel and trim excess. 

4. Tie in and wind hackle-each separately. Use 3 to 4 turns for the hen hackle and 2 turns for the gadwall. 

5. Tie in antenna (should extend beyond the tips of the wound hackle) 

6. Use a small amount of dubbing mixture to cover the head. 

7. Whip finish. 

Fish as you would a normal soft hackle with the sinking patterns. If you are use a floating pattern, dress the deer hair wing with floatant and let it drift on the surface like a dry fly. 

Ralph Wood 2019

 

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

Mohair Leeches

 

 

Lets talk about leeches.

For those who fish mostly lakes and ponds for bass, carp or trout they are a prime food item. They are also important food items in rivers and creeks. This article is not going to spend time on various wooly bugger patterns but rather a realistic type of pattern. Granted wooly buggers seem to be the go to fly for imitating leeches in both rivers and stillwaters. However, I feel that more imitative patterns yield better results in the long run, even though I do carry a full selection of wooly buggers in my kit just to be on the safe side.

Currently there are patterns that do a fair job of imitating leeches and tend to mimic the motion of leeches as they swim through the water. Many of them, however, in my opinion are too big and too bulky to do a great job. The mohair leeches are one of the patterns that I use consistently. Tied with Canadian mohair and then brushed out, they are slim, which imitates the body of a leech and the undulating swimming motion of leeches, especially if you use a tungsten bead head.

All leeches swim with an undulating motion either from side to side or up and down. As they swim, they elongate their bodies. They have pointed heads and a flattened rear (like a paddle). Most leeches swim near the bottom but there are blind leeches that do swim mid-water. Leeches swim at a speed of one foot every two or three seconds. They do not swim erratically but smoothly and rhythmically. Leeches range in size up to six inches but from stomach autopsies it appears that trout prefer to eat them in the two to three-inch size range. Most patterns are retrieved too rapidly.

Black is the most popular leech color, but very few are pure black. Most naturals are tan, olive, dark grey and brown. You will find stripes and bars of dark brown and olive. Most have spots of orange, gold, red or black. The overall color tends to match the environment; olive for weedy bottoms and olive brown or brindle for muddy bottoms.

If you have never watched a live leech, the next time you camp near a lake break an egg into the water at dark, and in the morning, there should be a couple of leeches saying thank-you for breakfast.

Hook: Tiemco 9395 4x long straight eye, or 3x to 4x hook of your choice.

Thread: 6/0 color to match body or tail

Bead: Small black chain bead, black tungsten to match hook size

Tail: Marabou (usually to match body but I do frequently use a contrasting color).

Body: Canadian mohair in olive, black, rust, etc.

Hackle: Optional-use small hen hackle to match body color. I normally do hackle this fly.

1. Crimp down barb and slip on the tungsten bead or tie in the bead chain.

2. Take thread to bend of the hook and tie in the marabou. If you wish, you can put in a little flash material of your choice. Don’t overdo it!

3. Advance thread to just behind the bead. Tie in the mohair and lash down to the bend. Hold the mohair up and brush to get the fibers to stand out. Wrap forward to the bead, brushing back the fibers with your fingers during each wrap.

4. If you want to have a hackle, leave a small space behind the bead. Tie in the hackle and make two wraps. Tie off, trim the excess hackle and whip finish behind the bead or chain eyes.

Go catch a fish!

Ralph Wood  2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

Coachman

 

 

 

 

 

Back in the nineteen-fifties wet flies were king. Very few semi-realistic or realistic nymph flies existed. Ray Bergman had presented a few in his magnum opus TROUT second edition published in 1952. William Blades in FISHING FLIES AND FLY TYING published in 1951 spent a chapter on nymphs and devised a way to use Ducco cement to make extremely realistic nymph patterns. Preston Jennings, John Atherton, Edward Hewitt, Charles Wetzel, Art Flick and others all contributed to the branch of fly fishing we call nymphing. But the patterns, although effective, failed to really inspire fishermen to try and fish these imitations.

 

The revolution that triggered the swift demise of the wet fly, I feel, was the 1955 publication of MATCHING THE HATCH by Ernest Schwiebert, Jr., at the time a college student at Yale. The public rapidly absorbed the book and the message within. The book has sold millions of copies over the last fifty years and became a seminal work on hatches both East and West at the time. Natural imitation became the watch word and wet flies began to disappear from fly bins across the nation.

 

I have not found in my research an exact time when the wet fly revival began anew. However, I began to see a few articles on wet flies in the fly fishing publications but most dealt with the beauty of the wet fly and the fun in tying these old patterns. So about fifteen years ago, I began to tie a few of these old-time flies just for the pleasure of it. That led to fishing some of these patterns in brook trout streams here in California and in the North Yuba for rainbows. They worked and worked well.

 

Then the books began to appear. Sylvester Nemes began his series of books with THE SOFT HACKLE FLY in 1975, Helen Shaw with FLIES for FISH & FISHERMEN in 1989, Dave Hughes wrote WET FLIES IN 1995 and Mike Valla published THE CLASSIC WET FLY BOX in 2012. During the same period, magazines like FLY TYER published articles by such tyers as Don Bastian showing how to tie these flies.

 

Why are wet flies returning after a hiatus of more than 60 years? Well, first they still work. They can imitate drowned insects, egg-laying adult caddis and, as I wrote in the April 2019 newsletter, as mayfly nymphs that emerge under the surface such as the Western March Brown.

 

I think that it is important to remember our roots. and the flies that have caught fish year after year.

Thread: 8/0 black

Hook: Mustad 3906B or any other 1x long shank wet fly hook. #10-16

Tag: Flat gold tinsel

Body: Peacock herl

Hackle: Dark brown hen

Wing: White duck or goose quill sections

1. Attach the thread one hook eye length from the eye and wrap to the beginning of the hook bend.

2. Tie in the flat gold tinsel (sized to hook) at the bend. Wrap down the bend approximately one quarter inch and back to      the hanging thread. Tie off and clip the excess.

3. Tie in two to three peacock herls (depending on size of the hook). Wrap the herl counterclockwise around the thread to strengthen the body and wrap forward to the beginning of the thread base. Tie off the excess peacock herl and trim excess.

4. Tie in the sized brown hackle, fold and wrap two to three times, tie of and cut excess.

5. Cut a section from a right and left duck or goose quill. Match with the concave sides

together. Place the two sections together over the hook shank. You can tie these in

with the tips pointed down or up. I prefer the tips up. Now the tricky part. Pinch the

feather slips and the hook shank between the thumb and index finger of the left

hand. bring the thread up between the thumb and the shank and down the other

side. Make sure that the thread is in the proper position, pinch hard and pull the

thread down. Again, make sure that everything is to your liking then wrap the thread

forward and make a nice head. Do not let any wraps go behind the first wing set

thread wrap or you will ruin the set of the wings. Whip finish, clip the thread and the

fly is done.

In the COMPLETE BOOK OF FLY FISHING Joe Brooks stated “My favorite wet fly is the Coachman #12. I can readily believe that a trout will see that white wing sooner than any other color....I am sure that when I retrieve that fly in short jerks, it looks exactly like the small minnows so often found in trout waters.”

Ralph Wood  2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

Twitch-Pause Nymph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fall River is the largest spring creek in California and is a fabulous fishery. I always look forward to matching wits with its educated trout. The small flies and light leaders that are normally used put the trout in a very advantageous position. I do realize that you can dredge the corner bends with big, ugly leech patterns and, in the evening, you

can throw mice imitations up against the reeds (there are a plethora of mice in the fields) and hook into some very large trout. However, my personal preference is for small flies and light leaders.

 

My love affair with Fall River began many years ago when Hat Creek was just being rehabbed into a blue-ribbon fishery. I went into a small fly shop in Burney and met the proprietor, Chuck Stranahan, who, at the time, was hunched over his vise. I was immediately struck by Chuck’s flies. They were well tied and each one out of the vise looked like the one before it. I later came to find out that both Chuck and I had the privilege of being instructed by Cal Bird. Many of Chuck’s patterns have been carried by Umpqua Feather Merchants over the years.

We fished together on both Hat Creek and Fall River and other streams in the area for several years until Chuck moved to Montana and opened Riverbend Fly fishing in Hamilton, on the Bitterroot River.

 

The story of the Twitch-Pause Nymph is outlined in Jack Dennis’s Tying Flies with Jack Dennis and Friends published in 1993 by Snake River Books and is available on Amazon as a used book. This is a guide’s fly. It is quick and easy to tie with a dozen

an hour easily in reach. I have never seen this fly for sale in any of the fly shops.

 

The Twitch-Pause Nymph has been one of my go to flies on Fall River for many years. When the micro-caddis flies are hatching, this pattern usually ends up on the end of my leader.

• Hook: Tiemco 3769 or similar in sizes 12-20

• Thread: 8/0 black or dark olive

• Body: Wool either Crewel embroidery yarn or any wool you have available in light tan, dark olive, lime green or cinnamon                  brown.

• If necessary, untwist the yarn into smaller strands to make a thinner body.

• Throat: Mottled hen back fibers, lighter shades with lighter body and dark shades with darker bodies.

• Head: Peacock herl

1. Wrap the thread from the eye of the hook to the bend. Return to eye.

2. Tie the wool on at the full length of the abdomen to the bend. This will ensure that the body will remain uniform.

3. Twist the yarn into a rope and wrap a segmented body to one eye length behind the hook eye.

4. Select 6-8 fibers from a hen back and tie in on the bottom of the hook. The length

should be slightly past the end of the hook.

5. Tie in two strands of peacock herl by the butts. Wrap the herl around the thread and make 2 to 3 wraps to form the head. Whip finish.

This is a very simple tie but a very effective caddis pupa imitation or micro-caddis pupa pattern depending on the hook size. The name of the nymph tells you how to fish it! Not only have I found this pattern successful on spring creeks but also on long deep pools in freestone streams, such as the dredger pools on the North Yuba. Use a long leader and cast gently.

Ralph Wood 2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

Tup's Indispensable

 

 

 

 

 

 

When the weather is bad during the winter, I (when not tying flies) like to read and research the history of fly tying and fly fishing especially, when the subject leads to patterns that have survived over long periods of time and that can still be found in anglers fly boxes today.

Recently I was leafing through THE HISTORY OF FLY-FISHING IN FIFTY FLIES, (published in 2015 by Abrams Books in New York, NY and available on Amazon), when I came across the Tup’s Indispensable as one of the listed flies. I recognized the name from reading books by Skues, Leisenring and Sylvester Nemes but I had never tied the pattern.

This pattern was originally created in the early 1890‘s by R.S.Austin in Devon, England as a wingless dry fly to imitate the spinner of the British olive dun. Austin was a tobacconist who ran a sideline in fly tying. In 1900 he sent Skues an example along with tying instructions and some special dubbing material. Skues was very impressed with the results he obtained and published his findings in the English sporting press. The fly became so popular that Austin became sick of tying it. During this period of time, Skues found out that it worked as well as a wet fly (nymph) as it did dry. This was the beginning of the soft hackle Tup’s as portrayed in Leisenring’s THE ART of TYING THE WET FLY and Nemes THE SOFT HACKLE FLY.

Austin insisted on keeping his special dubbing secret. He did swear Skues to silence and requested that the formula not be given out until his death. Skues kept his secret and even kept it longer since Austin’s daughter, Agnes, tied the fly until she retired in 1934 and released Skues from his vow.

What was this mystery ingredient in the dubbing? The hair from a ram’s scrotum! The combination of orange dye used to check for breeding plus the urine, after being thoroughly washed, gave the dubbing that little something special. There are a great many dubbing mixes now available for the Tup’s but there appears to be little consistency in the color. The original was a mixture of cream and red seal, combings from a lemon-yellow spaniel and the ram’s fur. Dyed rabbit fur, sometimes with a little sparkle mixed in, seems to be popular today. Leisenring’s dubbing was yellow and

claret seals fur mixed dubbing spun on primrose yellow thread. Sylvester Nemes went from a light pink and orange fur mix in his 1981 book to a straight light pink in his 2006 second edition. I favor the first Nemes dubbing, but it is pretty much take your choice I guess.

Tup’s Indispensable

• Thread: Pearsall’s Primrose yellow or Danville yellow 8/0

• Hook: Mustad 3906 #12-16, Partridge Spider #12-14 or Alex Jackson’s Soft Hackle Trout Fly #11-13 (illustrated fly is tied                         on a Partridge Spider #12)

• Tail: Short blue dun hen hackle fibers

• Abdomen: Yellow thread

• Thorax: Dubbing mixture (medium-pink, orange and red. The orange and red are for high-lights. Pink is the base color.)

• Hackle: Blue dun hen

1. Start thread behind the eye of the fly and extend to one third of the way to the bend.

Tie in the tail material so that the tips extend out from the bend about one-half the

hook length. Then holding the tail up and centered on top of the hook, wrap the

thread down to a point between the hook point and the barb.

2. Wrap the thread back to one-half the shank length with close touching wraps.

3. Twist the dubbing on the thread. You probably will need wax. Try not to get too

much on the thread. Dub the thread sparsely! You can build the thorax up by

adding more wraps.

4. Tie in the hackle by the tip. Fold the fibers and wrap 1-3 times depending how

sparse or heavy dressed you wish the fly to be. I suggest two turns are sufficient.

Whip finish and add a drop of head cement.

Make sure when you are mixing the dubbing that pink is the predominate color. Since I am not making a lot of flies, I use the finger mix technique to blend the dubbing rather than dragging out the coffee grinder.

Other hackles can be used including a mottled grey Brahma hen, dyed dark grey partridge or, if you can find it, some dressings call for a honey dun hen hackle.

This fly has been in fly fishers’ boxes for many years. Longevity gives the Tup’s Indispensable credibility, and with Leisenring, Theodore Gordon and Sylvester Nemes fishing this fly, it definitely has merit!

Ralph Wood 2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

Casual Dress

 

E. H. Rosborough devised the Casual Dress in 1960 as something new to try out on one of his fishing expeditions to the Upper Deschutes. After that successful trip, the Casual Dress became one of his staple flies. 

 

Rosborough lived most of his life near the Oregon streams where he devised a series of nymphs and dry flies.  His first published book (Tying and Fishing the Fuzzy Nymph published in 1965) was a paperback consisting of 85 pages and 15 patterns. His fourth and last revision was published in 1988 and contained 25 patterns. Polly’s conviction was that a broken outline was critical to fish perception and thus to the acceptance of a fly. This became a major theory of imitation and led to a new way of looking at fly tying. The only edition of the book available on Amazon, at the time I checked, appears to be

the 1978 revision.

Hook:    #2-12 2X to 3X long heavy hook

Thread: Black 6/0

Tail:       Muskrat fur with guard hairs (taken from the darkest piece of hide you have.)

Body:    A generous amount of muskrat fur with guard hairs mixed well.

Collar:  Muskrat fur with guard hairs as dark as possible.

Head:   3-4 strands of black ostrich herl, lightly twisted.

1. Start the thread behind the eye and wrap smoothly to the bend of the hook.

2. Tie in the muskrat fur tail extending about one body length. I prefer that the guard

hairs be a little longer. (Follow the directions in step #4 to cut the fur from the hide.)

3. Use dubbing wax on the thread and twist-dub a thick body. When you are finished,

use a brush to rough the body up (old tooth brush works great). Leave enough room

for collar and head (1/4 of shank).

4. Cut a hunk of muskrat as dark as you can find on the hide, keeping the fur and tips

all facing the bend in the hook. Holding the guard hairs and tips of the hair tightly,

remove most of the underfur. Holding the fur so that the guard hairs extend to the

bend of the hook or slightly past make a couple of loose wraps. Using your thumb

and forefinger ease the clump of fur around the hook. Once you are satisfied that it

is fairly evenly distributed around the hook, tighten the thread and cut off the waste

ends.

5. Tie in the ostrich herl, and twist lightly. Wrap the head and whip finish.

 

The larger sizes produce well for bass and the smaller sizes appeal to panfish. Any

size will work in streams.

The Casual Dress is not representative of any species of aquatic life. It is more of a general food source although I suppose you could argue that it represents a dragon fly nymph. The way the fly is tied, with all the guard hairs in the dubbing, allows the body to pick up air bubbles giving it a silvery football shape as it drifts along in the current or is hand twisted in a lake.

 

Polly had some unique ways of tying. You will note, if you read the book, I have diverted from some of his dubbing techniques because they are more suited to commercial tying where you need to prepare more dubbing than you do tying just for yourself. However, if you can get one of his books, you will find a wealth of other material in it. Tying and Fishing the Fuzzy Nymph belongs in every fly tier’s library.

Ralph Wood 2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

  

March Brown Wet Emerger

 

 

 

 

 

 

March Browns are the first of the larger mayflies to emerge after a long winter.  They may appear as early as February in the valley rivers and as late as May at higher elevations.  The Lower Yuba, Feather and the lower Sacramento river all have good hatches.  

March Browns are in the family Heptageniidae.  These mayflies are well represented with seven species from New Mexico to Alberta and all along the Pacific Coast.  Rhithrogena Morrisoni are the prevalent species here in California.  You can identify these bugs quickly by the beautiful brown mottling on the adults’ wings. The body of the dun varies between a chocolate brown and dark-olive brown on the back and a pale yellow or buff color on the underside.  

March Brown nymphs are clingers.  You will see what that means when you endeavor to remove one of the nymphs from a rock.  The way the gills overlap creates a suction like abdomen that allows them to live in fast water.  The nymphs are between a quarter of an inch to half an inch long.  Due to their ability to hold to the rocks means that there are not a lot of dislodged, free drifting nymphs in the water column.  When they are ready to hatch, the nymphs will migrate to shallower, calmer water.

March Browns begin their emergence beneath the surface.  If you are lucky enough to have a good angle with the sun you can see them rising up with the wings waving in the current.  This is the stage that seems to appeal to the fish the most.

 This pattern was devised by Andy Burke and has been extremely successful.  I first ran into it in 1999 and use it during the March Brown hatches in our valley rivers. It has become one of my staple patterns. 


        Hook:       TMC 3761 or Mustad 3906B #10 to #14.

        Thread:    Tan 8/0.

        Weight:    Four to five wraps of .015 lead wire or lead substitute.

        Tail:          Ginger Z-Lon topped with three or four pheasant tail fibers.

        Body:       Light-colored hare’s ear dubbing.

        Ribbing:   Pearl or root beer Krystal Flash.

        Hackle:    Mottled brown partridge or hen hackle.

        Wing:       Ginger Z-Lon, topped with brown marabou. 

 

1. Wind four to five wraps of the lead wire in the thorax area.  Bind down the wire and apply a coat of cement.

2. Use one-third of a strand of Z-Lon and tie in as normal at the bend of the hook.  Trim it to one-half the shank length and then tie in three to four pheasant tail fibers on top.  The fibers should be equal to or slightly longer than the shank.

3. Tie in the Krystal Flash then dub a shaggy tapered body with light hare’s ear. Body should be slightly chunky.  Rib the body with evenly spaced turns of Krystal Flash.

4. Prepare the hackle feather, tie in and wrap no more than three wraps or the fly won’t sink as well.

5. Tie in an underwing of ginger Z-Lon approximately one-half strand and trim it to body length.  Then add a sparse overwing of brown marabou the same length as the underwing.  Wrap a neat head and whip finish.

 

The tactics in fishing this fly are pretty straight-forward.  Cast across stream, throw in a big mend upstream to give the fly a little depth and lead the swinging fly with your rod tip.  You should taper your leader to 4x to minimize break offs.

Ralph Wood

2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

X - Caddis

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is at least a twenty-year-old pattern that I have been using for almost that long. It was devised by Jackie Mathews, spouse of Craig Mathews of Blue Ribbon Flies fame. Her premise was that if trout would take sparkle duns with their trailing shucks for emerging and crippled mayflies why wouldn’t they do the same for emerging and crippled caddis flies? All types of aquatic insects can experience problems during emergence for many different reasons. They may become trapped in their shucks or their shuck can still be attached and trailing off the body. Trout find these cripples easy

prey. They may not lock onto these cripples to the exclusion of regularly emerging caddis, but they won’t pass them up either. I find the X-Caddis a good searching pattern when there is no hatch activity and an excellent pattern to use during an emergence. The pattern works well when there is no hatch activity because cripples get caught up in the currents, drown and will drift along in the slack water for hours after an emergence becoming an opportunistic snack for a

trout, especially in eddies and side currents. I use this pattern more often than I use an Elk Hair Caddis because, without the body hackle, the pattern lies flat in the surface film and presents a better silhouette than a higher riding imitation. I save the Elk Hair Caddis for situations where the water is faster and heavier and I need a pattern that will float higher.

X-Caddis

Hook: Tiemco 100 or equivalent, sizes #12 to #20

Thread: 8/0 to match the body color

Shuck: Amber Zelon or substitute (Keep this very, very sparse)

Body: Olive, tan, black or amber fine dubbing

Wing: Deer hair or bleached elk

1. Tie in Zelon shuck (should extend the length of the hook shank)

2. Dub body to just short of the hook eye. NOTE: almost all the dry caddis

patterns I see have bodies that are much too long. Take a look at a live insect

and you will see that the bodies are shorter than the wings.

3. Tie in deer hair or bleached elk wing extending to the hook bend. Make sure

that the wing cups the body extending down over the sides of the fly and

extends to the hook bend.

4. Whip finish and trim the butts Elk Hair Caddis style.

 

NOTE: Do not make the shuck too thick. It needs to be sparse, so it is translucent like

the natural shuck.

 

This fly is fished upstream dead drift, well dressed with floatant. Cast to rising fish or to selected spots where you might expect to find a receptive fish. I have found that a size #6 light wire hook with a dirty orange body has worked well for the October Caddis hatch on the North Yuba and Trinity rivers (pattern was published in the September 2015 newsletter).

Ralph Wood

2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

Pat’s Rubber Legs

Pat’s Rubber Legs is attributed to Pat Bennett, a guide out of Island Park, Idaho. It was tied as a searching pattern to represent a stone fly nymph.

 

I surmise that the pattern was an offshoot of the Girdlebug (an old time Montana pattern). Originally the pattern came from Dillon, Montana, but who first tied the Girdlebug is obscured in the mists of time. There is another rumor around that the fly was originated on the East Coast in the Appalachians.

 

The Girdlebug is not the most attractive fly: stubby black chenille body with white rubber antenna, legs and tail. Sometimes it is all about the white legs? Ernie Schwiebert in A River for Christmas and other stories published in 1988 has a short story called the River of the Girdlebugs that has a humorous tale of how the girdlebug got its name. Supposedly, the white feelers, legs and tail were pulled from a dance hall girl’s girdle.

 

Be that as it may, Pat’s Rubber Legs, tied with brown chenille, has been a standby fly in our area. It represents a Skwala nymph on the Lower Yuba and tied in other colors a generic stonefly nymph in other rivers. With the action of the rubber legs the fly has good mobility to attract fish.

 

As I have found out, this pattern also works in lakes. I was an unbeliever until recently, when in one of the pay-for-play lakes, the only thing that worked consistently was a Pat’s Rubber Legs in brown with a Flash Back Pheasant Tail as a dropper. My only guess about the reason it worked so well is that it might have resembled a dragon fly nymph to the trout.

Hook: Streamer 5 long and 2x heavy Mustad R75-79580 or comparable

hook, size #2--#10

Thread: Color to match body

Weight: 0.20-0.25 lead wire or lead substitute

Tail: Super floss or spandex-color to match body

Body: Small chenille in brown, black, green or variegated

Legs: Super floss or spandex

Antenna: Super floss or spandex

1. Cover hook shank with tying thread to get a good base. End thread at the bend of the hook.

2. Tie in two pieces of super floss at the bend and clip to hook gap length.

3. Wrap in 10 to 20 turns of lead wire at the abdomen and cover well with thread. Build up a ramp at both ends and leave the thread at the tail tie in point.

4. Tie in the small chenille and wrap thread to the rear of the abdomen.

5. Tie in the three legs starting at he end of the abdomen-leaving a space the width of the chenille between each leg. Note the legs in the photo.

6. Wrap the chenille forward and between the legs making the crossing between each leg below the hook shank. Leave enough space for the antenna and head.

7. Tie in two pieces of super floss for the antenna, build a thread head behind the tie

in point.

8. Whip finish. Cut the legs and antenna to desired length and you are done.

 

This fly has always been a must have pattern in my fly box. As mentioned, I am still

finding new uses for it.

Ralph Wood

2019

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood 

Gartside Soft Hackle Streamer

I am sure almost all of you have heard the name Jack Gartside. He is the creative fly tier responsible for patterns such as the Gurgler, Sparrow and Pheasant hopper among many others. One of my favorite Gartside flies is the Soft Hackle Streamer and is the subject of this column.

 

Jack was originally a teacher in Boston. He decided to leave teaching because, as he saw it, he was safer driving a cab than teaching in the Boston public school system. Jack invented some of his most innovative flies on a vice clamped to the steering wheel of a taxi cab while he awaited a fare at Logan Airport in Boston.

 

He believed in easy to get materials that could be made into a fly quickly. He was extremely innovative and the fact that several of his patterns have stood the test of time proves it.

This is a very alive streamer in which he combined marabou, flashabou and mallard flank in an unusual way for the times (somewhere in the 1970’s). The inner placement of flashabou gives the fly an internal light which has been very successful.

Soft Hackle Streamer

- Hook: Any regular wet fly hook in sizes #6-#2 (experiment). The example is tied on a Gamakatsu B10s #2 for bass.

- Thread: 8/0 your choice (usually to match the marabou).

- Body: None

- Tinsel: Gold or Silver flashabou

- Hackle: Marabou blood plume (Pick your color)

- Facing Hackle: Guinea, Mallard Flank, pheasant rump or any other long, soft hackle feather. The example is tied with a dyed blue guinea hackle.

1. Wrap the thread down from the eye to about the 2/3 to 1/2 mark on the shank.

2. Tie in a doubled-over strand of flashabou where the thread wraps end.

3. Take a marabou blood plume of your chosen color and strip the feather back from the butt up to the point that the stem is thinner. Tie in by the tip and wind forward to about one-quarter shank length from the eye to where you have advanced the thread. As you are winding constantly smooth the marabou fibers to the rear. Use a tooth pick to release the fibers that get wound under. Tie off the marabou, leaving room for the facing hackle.

4. Select a mallard flank feather, strip the fuzz off and strip up to the point that the stem begins to thin. Tie in by the tip with the shiny side facing forward and wrap one to two turns. Tie off the flank feather and build your thread head. Trim the flashabou a little longer than the marabou. Whip finish and you are done. I do like to take a comb to the fly to smooth all the fibers and any tangles.

As you have probably gathered by now, this more of design rather than a rigid pattern. You can mix the colors by tying in two marabou plumes at the same time (the example uses white marabou faced by blue marabou). Mallard flank can be dyed various colors as can guinea hen and these are available in fly shops such as the Reel Angler. You can also use webby saddle hackle as a facing hackle. Experiment and have fun!

Ralph Wood 2018

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood 

Bluegill Imitation 

There was a shout from across the pond “He’s huge and he’s got my bluegill in his mouth”. Then there was silence, a splash, and “He dropped it!”. “He was a huge bass!” Thus began my quest for a imitation bluegill pattern that didn’t take an hour to tie! 

There are lots of imitation bluegill streamers around but, unfortunately, most of the good ones take some time to tie. I wanted a pattern that could be less of a problem in the vise but that worked either as well, or hopefully better, and could be tied with synthetic materials that would resist water logging. 

Eventually I ran across Summer Bugs, a Warmwater Fly Box by Ralph E. Long. The book was self published in 2017 and can be found on Amazon. I can’t say that the book is a revelation or that the material is very new, but inside I found the foundation for the bluegill pattern that I wanted. 

Little Gill Streamer 

Hook: ##6 Tiemco 8099 or #4 Gamakatsu B10S Stinger 

Thread: Black 6/0 

Body: Pearlescent braid 

Throat: Blue super hair, under small bunch of yellow calf tail half the length of the blue, under a small bunch of orange calf less than 1/2 of the yellow. 

Wing: Olive super hair 

Eyes: Pearl and black (not called for in the original pattern, but I like their look.). Coat head with Loon clear thick. 

Stripe the wing with black marking pen. 

1. Attach thread and tie in the braid at the bend and wrap forward to the eye. 

2. Secure the blue super hair to the hook using firm pressure. (You might add a drop of Krazy glue to the wraps). 

3. Tie in the yellow calf tail then add the orange calf adding a drop of Krazy glue, if you wish. 

4. Tie in the wing, again you can use Krazy glue to the wraps. 

5. Build a larger than normal thread head attach eyes and coat the head with the Loon thick and hit it with the light. 

6. Stripe the wing with the black marker. (See photo) 

The fly is fished on a floating line and standard leader of 10 or 15 pound test. As Ken Hanley says, “puppeteer” the fly to act like a wounded blue gill. I fish the fly near cover such as weeds, reeds and along sunken trees. I use a 9 foot leader to give the fly a little depth. The pattern, being made of super hair, has enough motion to give it life but still keep its flat shape intact. 

For those of you who like to fish the Delta, stripers eat bluegills! There are discussions of forage items and even a sunfish pattern in FLY FISHING THE CALIFORNIA DELTA by Mike Costello (Available on Amazon). I have not tried this pattern there, but if I was to, I would kick the size up to 1/0 to 3/0 on a salt water hook. 

Ralph Wood 2018

 

FLYPAPER 

By Ralph Wood 

 

 

Biot Nymph 

 

 

 

 

 

In May of 2015 I wrote a piece on the Turkey Bead Head nymph and where the pattern came from for the newsletter.. At the time, I was working on several other different guide patterns that were quick and didn’t take a lot of expensive materials. The one I finally settled on was what I called the biot nymph. This pattern has shown its usefulness for several years now and has become one of my staples on the North Yuba, Truckee and Little Truckee during the fall months. 

I have always been a believer that nymphs and wet flies should be tied with soft materials that have a lot of motion and absorb water to imitate a juicy item of food. This fly has none of these characteristics, other than some motion from the picked out black UV Ice dubbing, yet still is extremely effective. It is not a fly that holds up well for a long period of fishing but I think the results are worth it and it certainly is not difficult to tie. 

I have no idea what bug this pattern represents to a fish. It could be a cased caddis, midge pattern or a mayfly nymph. All I know is it came out of the vise and it works! 

Biot Nymph 

Hook: Tiemco 2457 #12 to #16 or any heavy wire scud hook 

Bead: Copper (sized to hook) 

Thread: 8/0 black 

Body: Rusty brown goose or turkey biot 

Thorax: Black UV Ice dub 

1. Slip copper bead over the point to the eye of the hook. 

2. Tear a goose biot from its stem. If you hold the goose biot up you will see a notch. When you tie in the biot by the tip and wind it; make sure the notch faces the rear. When you do this you will see a rib of fringe appear and that is how I like the fly. Reverse the direction of the notch and you will get a flat body with no ridge. 

3. Dub the thorax behind the bead, whip finish behind the bead. Roughen up the dubbing with a brush and you are finished. 

This fly is easily destroyed but with a wire rib it does not seem to fish as well. I use a coat of super glue on the thread base just before I wrap the biot. That helps enhance the hardiness of the fly. 

I usually fish this pattern as part of a dry and dropper combination. You can also fish it as part of an indicator nymph rig. I hope this pattern is as successful for you as it has been for me! 

Ralph Wood 2018

 

 

 

FLYPAPER 

By Ralph Wood

Ants 

 

 

 

 

 

“If I were to make a selection of the most productive and consistent trout-taking patterns of terrestrials, I suppose it would have to be the ants. All round, I don’t think they can be beat” 

Ed Koch, Terrestrial Fishing, 1990 

Well, I’m not totally convinced that an ant pattern is the best terrestrial imitation. I would have to give the beetle imitation some credence. Overall, however, there appear to be more different patterns for ants than any other terrestrial. In fact, in 1963 Ernie Schwiebert published an article in Outdoor Life listing more than 30 patterns for various ants based mostly on color. In later years Ernie admitted he might have gone overboard a little. 

You could trace the first terrestrial pattern back to writings by Claudius Aelian in about 200 BC and the first, to my knowledge, fishing fly; the Hippouros. A small fly that looked like a wasp, hummed like a bee and was eaten by fish when it landed in the water. Later, Dame Juliana Berners, in her second edition of the Book of St. Albans which appeared in 1496, included an essay titled the Treatyse of Fisshynge wyth an Angle included a wasp as one of her twelve flies. 

There are many species of ants. California has more than 150 recognized species. The ant is important because it is a readily available food item for fish at every elevation, especially during mating swarms. This flying black Carpenter Ant pattern appeared in the May 1970 issue of Outdoor Life titled A Fly for All Season. This was one of the late Mike Fong’s earliest articles. I have used it successfully since then and it is a staple in my terrestrial box along with parachute, balsa and foam ants. I also tie it in rust to imitate flying Termites. I have made one alteration over the years by substituting antron for the fur body. The antron will imitate the body of the ant in the water, since ants have tiny hairs on their bodies and will collect bubbles when they fall into the water. The bubbles cause a halo that surrounds the body just like a real ant. 

Flying Carpenter Ant 

 

Hook: #10-#12 2X long (Tiemco #2312) 

Back: Black deer hair 

Abdomen: Black antron 

Hackle: Brown 

Wings: Blue dun hackle points 

1. Tie in the black deer hair along the shank with the long ends extending out the rear. I prefer to use deer body hair as it has the most buoyancy. If you don’t have deer body hair, use the hair from the bottom of a black dyed bucktail. Make sure that you have enough length to fold back over the fly to cover the body segments. 

2. Dub on the black antron and shape the abdomen. 

3. Wind the brown hackle just forward of the center(I will use the worst brown hackle I have or hen neck brown hackle as I don’t want to have the fly sit up above the film.). 

4. Pull the hair over the top of the hook and tie down in front of the abdomen dubbing then tie down in front of the hackle. Trim the excess hair. 

5. Wing the ant with blue dun hackle points; then shape the head with thread. 

You can fish this pattern for trout in both running and still waters. The pattern also catches bluegill and bass. Especially if you use it under overhanging brush or trees on the lake or pond you are fishing. 

Try it. I think you’ll like it! 

Ralph Wood, 2018

FLYPAPER

by Ralph Wood

Scuds

Pregnant Baggy Scud

 

 

 

 

In Brian Chan and Phil Rowley’s book Stillwater Solutions Recipes published in 2007, there is a sentence that caught my eye. Phil Rowley writes “Of all the prey items available for the still water fly fisher to imitate, scuds seem to receive the least amount of respect and attention.” It seems strange given the facts. In the year around diet of trout in productive stillwaters, scuds can be as much as 19% of their overall diet only exceeded by the 39% of chironomids trout eat during the year.

Scuds are most active in low light conditions (early morning or evening). Their habitat includes weed beds, debris areas and rocky shorelines. Resting, feeding and dead scuds tend to curl up in a fetal position. Swimming scuds have a straight position. Colors tend to follow the background surroundings: tan, olive, light olive, gray and various shades of green. Olive green is a very prevalent color on most lakes with imitations in sizes #10 to #16. 

Pregnant Baggy Scud

Hook: Tiemco 2457 or 3769, #10 to #16 

Thread: Olive 6/0 or 8/0 

Rib: Fine copper wire 

Shellback: 1/8-inch-wide plastic strip 

Body: Olive seals fur or substitute 

Marsupium: Hot orange dubbing (represents the scuds egg sack) 

1. Tie in behind the eye and lay down a foundation of thread. If desired, weight shank. 

2. Tie in ribbing material and bring thread to the eye of the hook. 

3. Tie in the plastic shellback with the balance of the material hanging over the eye to the front. Return thread to back of the shank. 

4. Form a dubbing noodle with the olive dubbing and wind to the middle of the shank. Then dub a small amount of hot orange to form the egg sack. Two to three wraps is sufficient. Then continue the olive dubbing forward to the eye. 

5. Pull the plastic strip over the body to the back. Tie down with the ribbing and then rib forward to the eye. Trim the balance of the plastic with your scissors to form the tail. Roughen the body (I use a male Velcro strip on a popsicle stick, then trim the legs to a scud shape. 

I use a plastic storage bag for the shellback. By using a ruler and a single edge razor blade you can cut out the 1/8-inch strips you need. I usually weight these flies. 

Fish over weed beds and around debris (logs, fallen trees and brush). Situate yourself off the shoreline and work the area carefully allowing the fly to get to the bottom or suspend it over a weed bed with an indicator. Use an erratic hand twist retrieve or sometimes a strip retrieve of three to four inches. Don’t strip too quickly and keep the retrieve staggered to imitate erratic swimming. 

Ralph Wood   2018

FLYPAPER

by Ralph Wood

SIMPLE SIMON

 

 

Several of our GCFF members are avid bass fly fishers, including myself.  As you probably are aware, the GCFF has several members who are excellent fly tiers, design bass flies and are willing to divulge some of their custom patterns. 

Rocco Fasone is a long-time member of our club and spends a lot of time fishing for bass in our local lakes and ponds.  Rocco had a fly pattern published in Fly Tyer magazine’s Winter 2017 issue in the Readers Favorites column.  He has devised a bass fly that has been slaying the fish in our local lakes this year.  Rocco states that while the fly was designed for bass it also takes trout.  The thought process behind the flies origination was that the year prior, white had been one of the primary colors that worked well for him.  So, he devised a fly that covered the white color with pearl flash cut from a pearl palmer chenille and white craft fur while adding a red Kristal Flash chenille gills.  Rocco says that this pattern has been “knocking them dead” and has become his “go-to” fly. 

 

Because the fly is easy to tie Rocco has named it: 

 

Simple Simon

        Hook: Redding Fly Shop 2305 #4 or any other 2x heavy 1x long hook.

        Thread: 6/0 white

        Eyes: Red barbell eyes

        Tail: Fibers cut from a pearl palmer chenille strand

        Body: Silver opal tinsel (large)

        Gills:  Blood red Krystal Flash chenille

        Throat: Fibers cut from a pearl palmer chenille strand

        Wing: White craft fur

1.  Mount the red barbell eyes on top of the hook which will force the fly to ride with the hook point up (fly pictured shows fly with point down because it is easier to photograph).  Tie in the tail to extend from behind the eye to one shank length behind the hook bend.  This will enable you to wrap a smooth tinsel body.

2. Begin the body by tying in the tinsel midway between the point and the barb. Wrap the body up to 2/3 of the hook shank, tie off and clip excess tinsel.

3. Tie in the red Krystal Flash and wrap to just behind eye.  Clip excess.  No more than two wraps.

4. Bring the thread in front of the eyes.  Tie in the fibers from the pearl chenille so they extend to the end of the tail.  This will be the bottom of the fly when fished.  Tie in the wing in front of the eyes and then bring the thread and make a couple of wraps behind the eyes like a Clouser Minnow.

5. Turn the hook over in the vise, bring the thread in front of the eyes again and tie in the white craft fur wing just on top of the pearl chenille tie in wraps. The wing should extent about 1 1/2 times the hook shank.  Again, just like a Clouser

6.  Whip-finish and epoxy the head.

 

Rocco usually fishes the fly on an intermediate or a heavy sink-tip line.  Move it like a bait fish.  Cast toward the banks and the shallows.  

Ralph Wood   2018

FLYPAPER

by Ralph Wood 

 

Green Drake Biot Emerger 

(Soft Hackle) 

 

 

 

 

In 1991 Sylvester Nemes self published Soft-Hackled Fly Imitations in which he presented soft hackle fly patterns to match the hatching insects around Bozeman Montana.  Included were flies to match the Mother’s Day caddis,callibaetis, green drake, PMD and others.  In 2003 Rene Harrop published Trout Hunter which is a collection of magazine articles collected over several years, most of which were originally published in Fly Fisherman.  Chapter two in Trout Hunter deals with emergers and was first published in 1982, nine years before Nemes wrote his book.  So, the use of soft hackled patterns to match specific hatches here in the United States began before most people were really aware of how effective the technique could be.  This pattern by Rene Harrop has been modified slightly to more closely imitate the green drakes in the Sierra Nevada around the Truckee area.

The Green Drake Emerger uses a two hackle technique.  The first hackle represents the legs of the insect and the second hackle imitates the wing color.  Does this approach really work?  Guess we have to leave it to the fish but, keep in mind, that this Harrop pattern has become a staple on the Henry's Fork in Idaho.

The Green Drake Emerger is meant to be drifted or swung in the top of the water column as a pre-emerger, cripple, or a drowning adult.  The hackle conveys motion and bulk as well as the legs and emerging wings of the adult.

Green Drake Biot Emerger

Hook: Tiemco 200 size #10

Thread: Black 8/0 

Tail: Wood duck flank fibers(sparse) 

Body: Turkey biot dyed brown olive 

Thorax: Olive hare’s ear lightly overlaid with grey hare’s ear 

Hackle: Olive hen grizzly or olive hen (three wraps) then two wraps of black hen.

Here’s to great fishing! 

Ralph Wood   2018

FLYPAPER 

by Ralph Wood

Damselfly Nymph

 

 

    

It was early April and the fishing in the farm pond was slow.  The weather had warmed up for a couple of days and I wanted to see if the bluegill and bass were beginning to make their way towards spawning beds. Pat had picked up a few bluegill but I hadn’t had a hit yet.  As much as I hate to admit defeat, I finally called across the pond to ask what was her successful fly pattern.  She responded “Olive damselfly nymph #10”.  A quick check of the 3000 flies I had brought with me to fish this small pond for a couple of hours showed no olive damselfly nymphs to be had.  They were all at home in my trout lake boxes. 

I finally caught a bluegill on an olive dragonfly nymph (see Fly Paper February 2015 for pattern) but still had no luck with the bass even though they were slowly moving along the shoreline feeding sporadically.  I did finally begin to score on the bass with a B/H cinnamon crystal bugger but on the way home I vowed to tie  couple of dozen damselfly nymphs in assorted colors for my warm water boxes.

This easy pattern has become one of my main standbys for many years now.  As far as I am aware, the pattern first appeared in Randall Kaufman’s The Fly Tyers Nymph Manual published in 1986 by Western Fisherman’s Press.  However, marabou has always been a material that works well with damselfly patterns.  It’s doubtful that this was the first pattern composed entirely of dyed marabou.

Marabou Damsel

 

        Hook: Tiemco 200, 8-10, weight as needed

        Thread: Olive 8/0

        Tail: Olive marabou

        Rib: Copper wire or use Pearsall's olive silk thread

        Body: Olive marabou

        Wing: Olive marabou

 

    1.  Secure thread at the thorax position.  Select a bunch of marabou fibers.  The recipe suggests a large bundle but keep in mind that the nymph is very slim bodied and too much marabou will inhibit the movement and bulk up the body.           Less is more!

    2.  Tie in the marabou by the tips at the thorax and tie down along the shank to the hook bend between the barb and the point.

    3.  With your fingers tear the marabou to the proper length, clip the excess fibers at the thorax and tie in the ribbing material.

    4.  Select a smaller bunch of marabou and tie it in tips first at the thorax. Again, tie down on top of the hook shank to the tail.  

    5.  Wrap the marabou strands to the thorax to form the body.  Rib the body.

    6.  There should be at least a quarter inch of space for the wing.  Tie in a good sized bunch of olive marabou.  Trim off the excess over the eye and pull (not cut) off the wing fibers to 1/3 length of body.  Build a thread head, whip finish          and you are done except for head cement if you choose.

 

Olive is a great color as is brown, tan, and believe it or not claret or wine.

 

There a few other things that can be done with this pattern.  The way a damsel nymph swims is a problem for fly fishermen.  They swing back and forth with a sinusoidal motion rather than with an up and down motion.  Philip Rowley suggests that you leave a long, sparse tail as that will tend to swing back and forth.  He feels that the short tail in the pattern pulses rather than swings.  I have both in my boxes and I lean to the original but you should try both.  

Use a slow hand twist retrieve with plenty of pauses along and over weed beds.  Remember, if the bugs start to migrate, they will migrate to shore and standing vegetation.  You want to have a position where your nymph is heading to the shoreline not visa versa.

Damsel fly nymphs are an all year food for pond and lake fish.  Don’t forget to use them all year.

Ralph Wood 2018

 

 

FLYPAPER

by Ralph Wood

 

 

Venables Pattern

The history of fly fishing and fly tying leads down many paths. This design can be tenuously traced back to the attempted Viking conquest of Paris, France by Rollo. Legend has it that Rollo was so big he had to walk everywhere, as there were no horses big or strong enough to carry him. He failed to capture the city but Charles III gave Rollo the part of France that came to be called Normandy in exchange for a promise that the raids would end. A later Duke of Normandy sired a son who became William the Conqueror. In 1066 William invaded England and defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. All very interesting, but what does this have to do with the fly design you say? 

One of Williamʼs retinue was a huntsman named Charles Venables whose son later went on to fight in many battles for William. However after failing to capture Hispaniola, the son was imprisoned in the Tower of London. Here he wrote The Experienced Angler which was published in 1662 after his release. This pattern was contained in that book. And thatʼs what Vikings in Normandy have to do with fly tying. Like most anglers of his day, Venables had to deal with the weeds that infest British chalk streams. We deal with the problem with light wire hooks and modern floatant. Anglers of the 17th century had no such help. To keep the hook from snagging in the weeds, Venable proposed that the fly be tied to “float” with the hook point up. It needs to be pointed out that the word “float” does not necessarily mean on the surface; it also refers to a wet fly that drifts at a fairly constant depth, as if it was suspended in the water, rather than sinking down through it. 

This type of fly design did not appear again for centuries. Venable was far ahead of his time. This is an adaptation of the design using modern hooks and tied on a vise. I think if you try it you will be pleasantly surprised at how well it works. This design can be translated into many different insects and many different sizes. 

Hook: Tiemco 100 sizes 12-22 

Thread: 8/0 olive 

Wing: CDC puff (Gray or Slate) 

Hackle: Blue dun 

Thorax: BWO olive or olive brown 

Body: Thread (silk or nylon-color to match natural) 

 

1. Mount the hook in the vise upside down. That is with the hook point up. 

 

2. Tie in the wing and hackle (leave a small space between the wing and hook eye). When tied in the hackles glossy side should face you.

 

3. Dub a small thorax immediately behind the wing. Then wind the thread to 

the bend and back to just behind the thorax. I like to use Pearsallʻs silk thread because it holds its color when wet and I can use cobblers wax to darken the thread in some of the flies. 

4. Wind the hackle back through the thorax. Three turns on a size 20 and four or 

five on larger flies. Tie off the hackle at the rear of the thorax and clip the excess. 

5. Spiral the thread forward through the thorax, the lift the wing and elevate it by making several turns of thread in front of it. Hold the wing out of the way while making the whip finish. Cut away the thread and trim off the fibers on the underside of the fly. 

 

If you fish fast, broken water, you may want to wind the hackle the full length of the body. Try various colors. How about a pinkie with wood duck or mallard dyed wood duck wing fiber wings, brown or cree hackle, and a pink thread body with a pink fur thorax? The wings on other designs can be any bunched flank or other feather fibers depending on the insect you are trying to imitate. Experiment and have fun. 

Ralph Wood    2018

FLYPAPER

by Ralph Wood

 

Skwala Stonefly Dry 

 

 

 

Skwala stoneflies do not cover a wide area of California but, thankfully, the 

Lower Yuba River has a substantial population as does the Truckee area. 

The Skwala Stonefly is similar in appearance to the golden stone of early spring and summer but is smaller than the golden. The abdomen is a dirty yellow with a slight olive tinge (Why I use olive thread). Also, the wings are dark gray unlike the golden stone’s light brown. The hatch on the Lower Yuba can begin as early as December but usually doesn’t get started in earnest until early January. You can fish this hatch into mid-April before the fish begin to lose their interest! 

The adults are best imitated by a Stimulator type pattern in size #10 3x long although I have noticed that in some years the insects are smaller and I will tie the fly in size #12 3x long. Early in the emergence a bushy pattern will work but, as the hatch progresses, it is important that your imitation sits low in the surface film. If you watch the female adult on the water, you will see that she looks like a black stick with moving legs. The low riding artificials should include the female’s prominent black egg sack.

There are a few things to remember when you are fishing a dry adult pattern. The adults hide out in the streamside willows and brush during the coldest part of the day. The egg-laying flights don’t start until the temperatures are warm enough for the females to fly. This normally happens in the early afternoon. By fishing a dry fly alongside the willows and brush in the warmest part of the day, you will be fishing effectively. You can tell when the fish begin to feed on the females. The rise is an explosion, especially early in the emergence in January. Later in the emergence, the rises will not be as explosive but will be heavy swirls. 

This is a pattern I devised for the Skwala emergence on the Lower Yuba River. It has been very successful.

 

Hook: Tiemco #200 size 10 

Egg sack: Black 1/8 inch foam 

Ribbing: Small copper Ultra Wire 

Abdomen: Yellow Sunburst Caliente or yellow synthetic dubbing mixed with a small pinch of pearl UV Lite-Bright 

Abdomen Hackle: Black Saddle 

Wing: Black Web Wing 

Over Wing: Bleached Elk 

Hackle: Black Saddle 

Legs-Antenna: Medium Black Rubber 

Thorax: Black Caliente or black synthetic dubbing mixed with a pinch of pearl UV Lite-Bright. 

 

1. Cut piece of black foam 1/4 inch wide. Round off one end, this will imitate the egg sack. Tie the foam in over the hook barb with the rounded end extending back • inch. Clip off the waste foam. Tie in the ribbing and then dub the abdomen up to the 2/3 mark. 

 

2. Tie in the black saddle by the butt (fibers should be no longer than the hook gape) and reverse rib back to the ribbing tie in point. Use the ribbing to tie off the saddle and then bring the ribbing forward through the hackle to the end of the abdomen. 

 

3. Clip the hackle ribbing flush with the top of the abdomen and cut a piece of Web Wing about two inches long (the width of the hook gape). Round one end to represent a folded stonefly wing and taper the sides to a width of approximately • the hook gape (this will enable you to get the wing set properly). Tie in with the rounded end of the wing extending about 1/8 inch beyond the egg sack. Cut off the excess Web Wing. Stack a small bunch of bleached elk and tie in on top of the Web wing tie off. Trim off the excess. 

 

4. Tie in black saddle hackle. Cut two pieces of black rubber leg, each about two inches long. Tie in one on each side of the thorax area from the end of the wing to just behind the hook eye leaving the center open for the dubbing and hackle. The rubber leg material should extend along the body to the bend of the hook in back and in front about abdomen length; trim if necessary. Dub the thorax and wind the hackle 4 to 5 times over the thorax and tie off behind the antenna. 

 

5. Whip finish

Ralph Wood   2018

 

FLYPAPER

By Ralph Wood

THIRTEEN MORE TIPS TO IMPROVE YOUR FLY TYING 

1. USE ONLY THE BEST TOOLS AND MATERIALS 

There is no way to place a value on the difference in performance between good and bad tools. You cannot tie a decent fly if your vice allows the hook to slip, your hackle pliers cause the hackle to break or slip, and the point of your scissors won’t clip an individual hair. By the same token, you cannot tie a proper dry fly without top quality dry fly hackle. Buy half necks to cut costs. Use hen necks or game bird skins for wet flies and nymphs. 

 

2. USE THE FINEST POSSIBLE TYING THREAD 

 

Most tiers tend to use tying thread that is entirely too heavy. A finer thread will make a stronger, neater-looking fly. Size 8/0 is adequate for most dry flies and 6/0 is about right for most streamers. Try Veevus threads that drop down to 14/0 for small flies. Very strong stuff. 

 

3. ALWAYS TIE A FLY TO THE PROPER PROPORTIONS AND STRIVE FOR UNIFORMITY. 

 

Each style of fly has certain basic proportions that should be maintained relative to the size of the hook. For example, in most dry flies the tail should be the length of the hook shank, the hackle 1 • to 2 times the length of the gap of the hook, and the wings about 1/4 longer than the hackle. Proportions, such as these, should be considered at each step of the tying process. 

 

4. ALWAYS HAVE A GOOD BACKGROUND AND ADEQUATE LIGHT 

 

A piece of light blue paper beneath your vice will greatly improve the visual contrast and allow for a greater degree of precision in your work. 

 

5. DETECT “PROBLEMS” WHEN THEY OCCUR 

 

Don’t wait until the fly is finished to discover that the tail is too long. If you are critical of each step, errors can be corrected as they develop, and the finished fly will be improved. 

 

6. THE FLY IS NOT FINISHED JUST BECAUSE IT IS OUT OF THE VICE 

 

Often the only difference between a good fly and an excellent fly is a little trimming after the fly is out of the vice. This does not mean to trim the wings, tail, or hackle to the proper length, but to look for stray hackle or tail fibers that protrude at odd angles, bits of dubbing that produce a lumpy body, or fibers caught under the thread wrappings of the head. Inspect each finished fly. 

 

7. BE VERY CRITICAL OF EACH FINISHED FLY 

 

Ask yourself, “What is wrong with this fly?” Compare it with a fly tied by an experienced tier. Ask for criticism. 

 

8. WATCH OTHERS TIE AND ASK ALL THE QUESTIONS YOU CAN 

 

Books are helpful, but there is no substitute for watching an experienced tier. (Show time is approaching. Watch the demonstration tiers and take notes.) 

 

9. THERE ARE FEW RIGHT OR WRONG FLY-TYING METHODS 

 

There are many different techniques for achieving the same result. Learn as many new methods as you can and use the ones that work best for you. 

 

10. EXPERIMENT WITH NEW TECHNIQUES AND STUDY THE INSECTS YOU WANT TO IMITATE 

 

You will usually find that the best fly tiers are not content to do things in the “old way.” They constantly look for new ways to improve their flies, new materials to use, and better imitations for specific insects. (This brings me back to item #3 in this list. Keep in mind that the proportions I speak of may not apply when you examine a natural insect. You may want to change the proportions for that particular imitation.) 

11. DON’T WORRY ABOUT TYING SPEED 

It is better to produce one perfect fly in 30 minutes than a dozen poor flies in the same length of time. Speed will come with time and practice. 

 

12. DON’T BE SATISFIED WITH “GOOD ENOUGH.” 

 

You must constantly try to make each fly better than the previous one. 

 

13. PRACTICE! 

 

Improvement comes only with practice. Tie as often as you can and make an effort to improve your results. I try to tie every day if possible. Get out of your comfort zone and try tying patterns that you feel are tOo difficult or require a technique that you have been avoiding. 

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